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Power outages can happen unexpectedly, whether due to storms, equipment failures, or other unforeseen circumstances. Being prepared and knowing what to do when the lights go out can make a significant difference in ensuring your safety, comfort, and well-being. In this article, we will provide a practical guide on what to do if the power goes out.

  • Stay Calm and Assess the Situation

The first and most crucial step is to remain calm. A power outage can be disorienting, but panicking will not help. Take a moment to assess the situation, and if you’re with others, communicate with them to ensure everyone is safe and informed.

  • Check the Extent of the Outage

Determine whether the power outage is limited to your home or if it affects a wider area. Look outside to see if your neighbors’ homes are also without power. This information can help you gauge the likely duration of the outage and whether it’s necessary to contact your utility company.

  • Contact Your Utility Company

If you suspect the outage is widespread or if it lasts longer than expected, contact your utility company’s customer service or use their designated outage reporting system. They can provide you with information on the outage’s cause, estimated restoration time, and any safety precautions you should take.

  • Use Alternative Lighting

During a power outage, having a reliable source of lighting is essential. Keep flashlights, battery-operated lanterns, or candles in easily accessible locations. Use flashlights or battery-operated lights instead of candles whenever possible to reduce the risk of fire. Make sure you have spare batteries on hand for your flashlights.

  • Unplug Electronics

To protect your electronic devices from power surges when the electricity is restored, unplug them from electrical outlets. This precaution can prevent damage to sensitive equipment like computers, televisions, and appliances.

  • Keep Refrigerator and Freezer Closed

Keep the refrigerator and freezer doors closed as much as possible to preserve the cold temperature inside. A well-stocked freezer can keep food frozen for up to 48 hours during an outage, while a refrigerator can maintain a safe temperature for around four hours.

  • Stay Warm (or Cool)

Depending on the season, maintaining a comfortable temperature in your home can be a challenge during a power outage. If it’s cold, dress in layers, use blankets, and consider using a portable propane or kerosene heater if you have one (safety precautions are crucial with these devices). In hot weather, stay hydrated and use fans or battery-operated cooling devices if available.

  • Avoid Opening and Closing Doors

To conserve heat or cool air, minimize the opening and closing of exterior doors. This will help maintain the temperature inside your home and prevent unnecessary strain on heating or cooling systems when the power is restored.

  • Stay Informed

Keep a battery-powered or hand-crank radio on hand to stay informed about the status of the outage and any emergency updates. Stay connected with family, friends, and neighbors to offer or receive assistance if needed.

  • Be Prepared with Emergency Supplies

Having an emergency kit on hand is a wise precaution. Include essential items such as bottled water, non-perishable food, first-aid supplies, a basic toolkit, and any necessary medications. Be sure to also include important documents, such as identification, insurance papers, and contact information.


Experiencing a power outage can be inconvenient, but being prepared and knowing what to do can help mitigate its impact on your daily life. Stay calm, assess the situation, and prioritize safety and comfort for yourself and your loved ones. By following these practical guidelines, you can navigate power outages with greater confidence and resilience until the electricity is restored.